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A Short Guide on Liechtenstein Courts

A Short Guide on Liechtenstein Courts

Updated on Wednesday 25th January 2017

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The court system functioning in the monarchy of Liechtenstein has a certain amount of particularities regarding the structure and the foundational principles. Any legal entity functioning in Liechtenstein might need to be informed on key aspects regarding the Liechtenstein courts that might be useful in case of litigation or other legal actions. We recommend you to rely on a law firm in Liechtenstein who can provide you a short guide on courts in this country and basic information on relevant legal aspects for your activity in this country.

The structure of the Liechtenstein court system

 
The judicial system of Liechtenstein has been reformed in 2003. It is now structured on three levels:
 
  • the ordinary courts, county courts or Landgericht, that deal with local legal issues;
  • the Administrative Court, Der Verwaltungsgerichtshof (VGH), that can challenge the governmental decisions;
  • the State Court, Oberster Gerichtshof, which represents the supreme legal authority. 
 
The Landgericht is usually the first instance to judge a case, and it has jurisdiction over the minor events. It is presided by only one judge. The major crimes fall under the jurisdiction of the criminal court, Kriminalgericht, that can be presided by up to five judges. 
 
The Constitutional Court is the judiciary that establishes the constitutionality of laws in the country, such as the Employment Law or the Commercial Code, that are of direct interest for investors in Liechtenstein.
 
As a special provision of the monarchy, Liechtenstein gives to the prince the ultimate right to appoint the judges of the country. 
 
Our attorneys in Liechtenstein can represent you in court and can provide professional legal services according to your needs.

Important principles shaping the Liechtenstein court system

The court system of Liechtenstein is based on the civil and penal codes of the country. By the 2003 amendment to the constitution, the judicial system went through some reformulations, some of which were regarding the appointment of the judge and judge’s responsibility.
 
Although the monarchy of Liechtenstein has its own courts, Liechtenstein’s legal system employs mixed courts, constituted by judges from Swiss, Austria and Liechtenstein, in order to decide in some of the most important cases under Liechtenstein jurisdiction. By this decision, the courts of Liechtenstein aim at increased impartiality and effectiveness of the lawsuits.
 
Please feel free to contact our lawyers in Liechtenstein who can represent you in court and who can support you in any legal actions you might go through in this country. 
 

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